Osteoporosis and Menopause - Osteoporosis and Menopause -
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Osteoporosis and Menopause

Osteoporosis and Menopause

by: Dr. H.L. Nawlakha
Sr. Consultant – Internal Medicine Paras Bliss, New Delhi

Osteoporosis is a condition portrayed by a decrease in the thickness of the bone, diminishing its strength and bringing about delicate bones. Osteoporosis actually prompts porous bone that is compressible, similar to a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures (breaks) in the bones. Bones that are influenced by osteoporosis can break (fracture) with the moderately minor damage that regularly would not make a bone fracture. The fracture can be either in the form of cracking or collapsing (as in a compression fracture of the vertebrae of the spine). The spine, hips, ribs, and wrists are regular ranges of bone fracture from osteoporosis in spite of the fact that osteoporosis-related fractures can happen in any skeletal bone.

SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH OSTEOPOROSIS:

Early over the span of the disease, osteoporosis may cause no indications. Afterward, it might cause dull pain in the bones or muscles, especially low back pain or neck pain. Afterward, sharp shooting pain may go ahead all of a sudden. The pain may not radiate, but rather it might get worse by a movement that puts weight on the region, might be accompanied by tenderness, and for the most part, starts to end down in one week.

CAUSES OF OSTEOPOROSIS:

Osteoporosis happens when there is an imbalance between new bone formation and old bone resorption. The body may neglect to form new bone, or an excess of old bone might be reabsorbed, or both. Two basic minerals for normal bone development are calcium and phosphate. The main source of osteoporosis is an absence of specific hormones, especially estrogen in ladies and androgen in men. Ladies, particularly those older than 60 years old, are every now and again determined to have the illness.

OSTEOPOROSIS ANS MENOPAUSE:

There is a direct relationship between the lack of estrogen after menopause and the development of osteoporosis. After menopause, bone resorption (breakdown) overtakes the building of new bone. Early menopause (before age 45) and any long phases in which the woman has low hormone levels and no or infrequent menstrual periods can cause loss of bone mass.

TREATMENT OF OSTEOPOROSIS:

Weight-bearing exercises (which make your muscles work against gravity), Calcium and vitamin D supplements, also Hormone therapy (HT) is believed to be useful in preventing or decreasing the increased rate of bone loss that leads to osteoporosis.

 

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