Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome can be defined as a disease that affects approximately 4-18% of the women of reproductive age group. PCOS can cause multi-organ signs symptoms and can affect your body in numerous ways.
You may have PCOS if you suffer from any of the following symptoms-
Menstrual problems- irregular periods, absence of periods, heavy period, infrequent periods, light periods or spotting only
Hirsutism i.e. abnormal hair growth in abnormal areas( male pattern)
Weight problems- Weight gain and difficulty in losing weight
Acanthosis- Darkening of skin with velvety appearance around neck and other areas
Alopecia i.e. Loss of hair
Difficulty in conceiving
Increased male hormones in blood
Pregnancy induced hypertension
Causes of PCOS
Though no definite cause can be pinpointed, long term but the possible ones are
Genetics- It sometimes runs in families.
Resistance to insulin
Usually, it is idiopathic
Pathophysiology of PCOS:
There are multiple follicles in the ovary
None of them grows to mature size
No ovulation occurs
Imbalance of estrogen, progesterone, LH and FSH
Increase in androgens
Increase in insulin levels
How is PCOS diagnosed?
Based on clinical criteria, laboratory tests and USG. In preventive health checks, you can get your hormonal levels done which can help in timely detection and treatment of the disease.
USG- It shows multiple follicles i.e. “string of pearls” appearance for the diagnosis of PCOS.
So be aware of your health, make a record of your periods so that you are aware of any irregularity and are able to visit the doctor for timely diagnosis and treatment as it saves flong-term complications.