Meningitis is a life threatening infection of brain caused by various infective organisms like viruses and bacteria. Bacterial meningitis is more severe and can cause even death if not diagnosed and treated early.
Symptoms associated with Meningitis:
Diagnosis of Meningitis:
Lumbar puncture and CSF examination is the only gold standard for diagnosis of meningitis.
Treatment of Meningitis:
The affected child may need treatment under close supervision of trained hands. It needs a triad approach, where all steps are to be taken simultaneously.
Complications associated with Meningitis :
Child can develop complications like seizures, paralysis, subdural effusion, shock, multiple organ involvement and bleeding tendencies. These complications also need to be managed aggressively for better outcome. Major long term complications if the child is not treated adequately are physical disability, seizures, poor school performance and low IQ. The affected child can also have hearing loss of varying severity. So early treatment prevents complications and improves the outcome.