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How is Pneumonia Diagnosed in Babies

How is Pneumonia Diagnosed in Babies

by: Dr. (Maj) Manish Mannan
HOD Paediatrics & Neonatology

Pneumonia is a general term for infection of the lungs, and it can be caused by many different organisms. Pneumonia is a lung infection with a range of possible causes. It can be a serious and life-threatening disease. There are a variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi that can cause pneumonia. Pneumonia can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening. It can occur in young and healthy people, but it is more dangerous for older adults above 65 years, infants, patients with other diseases, and those with low immune systems. It inflames the air sacs in one or both the lungs. The common symptoms of pneumonia are cough, fever, chills, and difficulty in breathing and sometimes coughing up blood.

Signs and Symptoms associated with Pneumonia:

Children with bacterial pneumonia usually have sudden symptoms. Please note that one needs to be informed about the same to judge when it is right to consult a super specialist.

Some of the signs are:

  • High Fever, Rapid Breathing, And Coughing.
  • They may have trouble breathing, a faster pulse, and bluish lips or nails.
  • They may seem weak, vomit, or have diarrhea.
  • Less common symptoms include abdominal pain and a stiff neck.
  • Whereas viral pneumonia typically starts out like a cold, but symptoms slowly and steadily get worse. Children may have a fever of 101.5 degrees Fahrenheit or more, with a worsening cough, wheezing, and rapid breathing.
  • Weakness, vomiting, or diarrhea can also be a symptom.

Treatment associated with Pneumonia:

For bacterial pneumonia, doctors prescribe antibiotics. Viral pneumonia doesn’t respond to antibiotics, so treatment may be limited to rest and fluids. In fact, getting enough fluids is vital to fighting the dehydration from rapid breathing and fever that’s often a side effect of pneumonia. Most uncomplicated pneumonia gets better within a week, although the cough can last for weeks.

Prevention of Pneumonia:

It will be great on the off chance that you remember certain things to avoid from pneumonia to your infants.

  • Keep vaccinations up to date. Stay up with the latest. The pneumococcal vaccines can help avoid pneumonia.
  • Practice good individual cleanliness. Wash your hands and your child’s hands frequently to avoid the spread of germs.
  • Try not to give your kid a chance to share mugs or utensils.
  • Routinely wash every place germy body parts may touch, like the telephone, toys, doorknobs, and the refrigerator door handle.
  • Keep your home smoke free.
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