PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome is a common condition in women which results from the development of multiple cysts in the ovaries. PCOS can cause serious problems to health and fertility. PCOS is considered a form of prediabetes and is also linked to heart disease. Signs and symptoms of PCOS include irregular menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, difficulty in getting pregnant and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin. There is no single test that can be used to diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Instead, there are various factors that should be considered, and a diagnosis can be made based on the findings and tests.
A diagnosis of PCOS can usually be made if other causes of the same symptoms have been ruled out and the patient meets at least two of the following three criteria: