Meningitis occurs when the membranes around the brain and spinal cord get inflamed. This inflammation results in fever, headache, and stiff neck, photophobia, altered mental status. Bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi all can cause brain infection.
Type of Meningitis:
Risk of Pregnant Women Contracting Meningitis:
Pregnant women are at increased risk of getting Listeriosis, an infection caused by bacteria listeria monocytogenes .Listerial infection during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, premature delivery, stillbirth or life-threatening infection of newborn including meningitis. Pregnant women can reduce their risk of developing listerial meningitis by avoiding raw food products.
Pregnant women can pass group B streptococcus to their baby during delivery. A newborn infected with group B streptococci can develop meningitis soon after birth. Get a test for group B streptococci at 35-37 weeks if the positive infection is there then antibiotics are given to prevent infection in new born.
Prevention of Bacterial Meningitis: