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Reasons for Joint Pain During Pregnancy

Reasons for Joint Pain During Pregnancy

by: Dr. Monika Chaudhary
Attending Consultant, Gynecology

Joint pain is the feeling of stiffness, soreness or pain in the places where your body bends like elbows, fingers, knees, hips and more. Pregnancy weight gain itself causes strain on your joints and make them hurt especially if it’s your first baby. This is a very common discomfort during pregnancy and is just another one of the major changes your body is going through. Carpal tunnel syndrome is also common in pregnancy. Fluid gain, in addition to the weight gain, can cause increased pressure at the wrist, triggering pain in your wrist and hands. Things like hormones, circulation problems, poor posture and pressure from the uterus can all wreak havoc on your joints. There are things you can do at home to help relieve joint pain during pregnancy.

REASONS OF JOINT PAIN:

  • The hormone Relaxin that is produced by the ovary causes your muscles and tendons to stretch and relax in preparation for childbirth. This can cause everything to shift and strain the joints.
  • Extra Weight. Putting on extra weight can strain the joints.
  • Knee Pain. This is mainly caused by extra fluids, but also made worse from extra weight.
  • Low thyroid can cause pregnancy complications. It is a known cause og joint pain in many pregnant women.
  • Arthritis history. If you have any history of arthritis you are more likely to have pain in your joints during pregnancy. If you already have arthritis or an auto-immune condition, you might experience worsening symptoms during pregnancy.
  • Extra Fluids. Excess fluids in the body and joints can trigger joint pain. This is most common in the small joints of the hands.
  • Sleep position: Factors that are not related to physical changes during pregnancy like your sleep positions can also act as a trigger for joint pain during pregnancy.
  • Occupational factors: Nowadays, most pregnant women continue to work till the ninth month. If your work demands prolonged sitting or standing, this will cause pain in the back, knees and ankles.
  • Medical History: There are many medical joint pain reasons that may continue throughout the pregnancy period. This includes conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and disk complaints.

TIPS TO RELIEVE JOINT PAIN:

  • Take proper rest.
  • Get plenty of sleep.
  • Eat properly.
  • Avoid shoes with heels.
  • Use proper posture.
  • Avoid sleeping on your back.
  • Try cold or hot packs on your joints.
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