Sexual and reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being related to reproduction. It means that people are able to have a safe sex life and the capability to reproduce. As the part of routine gynaecological and obstetrical care, patient should be provided with information about normal sexual changes that occur with puberty, pregnancy, postpartum and menopause.
Sex is a shy subject:
Despite the importance of issues related to sexuality, many women find it difficult to talk to their physicians about sexual concerns. Asking about sexual concerns, gives physicians an opportunity to educate about the risk of STDs, encourage safer sex practices, evaluate the need for contraception, dispel sexual misconceptions and identify sexual dysfunction.
Common sexual problems:
Sexual problems are common. Dyspareunia (Painful sex) may affect 2/3rd of women during their lifetime. Both psychological and physical factors are involved. It’s management include identifying psychological issues contributing to pain and treating the underlying organic cause that triggered the pain.
Most young men and women have multiple sexual partners, but use condoms inconsistently, exposing them to STD’s like HIV, orogenital herpes, Trichomoniasis, Syphilis, Bacterial Vaginosis, Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, etc. Men and women should have access to safe, effective and affordable contraceptive method, so that they can protect themselves from STD’s and unwanted pregnancies.
Every woman should be informed:
At the clinical visit woman should be informed about:-
Long acting reversible contraception
How to do Pregnancy test and avoid unplanned pregnancy.
Screening and treatment of STD including HIV
Routine gynaecological examination including pelvic examination, Breast examination and Pap Smear
Sexual and reproductive health is important to overall health. Proper information can help in reducing unintended pregnancy and it also ensures safe and healthy sexual relationship. If you have any issue talk to a gynaecologist (in case of females) or a urologist (in case of males).