Chewing Tobacco Effects For Women | Blog By Dr. Heena Chawla, Parasbliss Panchkula

Short and Long Term Effects of Chewing Tobacco for Women

Short and Long Term Effects of Chewing Tobacco for Women

by: Dr. Heena Chawla
Consultant- Gynec-Oncology & Endoscopic Surgeon - Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Tobacco use in any form negatively affects the health of the women.  The most common types of smokeless tobacco are chewing tobacco, plug, twist, snuff, snus, and dissolvable tobacco products. Hookahs, or tobacco water pipes, have become popular among young women. Inhalation when using a hookah is deeper and smoking sessions are longer than with a typical cigarette. More nicotine is absorbed by chewing tobacco use than by cigarette smoking. Approximately 3 to 4 times more nicotine is absorbed from chewing tobacco than from a cigarette and the nicotine from chewing tobacco remains longer in the blood. That is why it may be harder to quit smokeless tobacco use than it is to quit smoking. Nicotine is the substance responsible for tobacco addiction.

Tobacco can affect your organs:

  • Tobacco chewing poses great risk for the development of oral cancers (cancer of the cheek, gums, lips , tongue, larynx and pharynx) .
  • It can also cause gum disease, leukoplakia (whitish patches inside the mouth that can become cancerous, tooth decay, tooth staining and tooth loss.
  • It is the leading cause for respiratory diseases, tuberculosis (TB) and cardiovascular diseases including coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischaemic stroke amongst women.
  • Premenopausal tobacco use has also been linked to breast cancer, particularly if initiated before the birth of the first child. It also contributes to the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (precancerous lesion), squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix in women seropositive for HPV-16 or HPV-18.
  • Substances in snuff and chewing tobacco and their additives which includes sugar can adversely affect diabetic patients.
  • The reproductive health of women is also affected including infertility and delay in conception. During pregnancy, tobacco intake can cause lower birth-weight, still birth and increased risk of preterm delivery and pre eclampsia.
  • It has possible links to other cancers like bladder, pancreas, kidney, cervix and acute myelogenous leukaemia.

How can you quit the habit of smoking:

Tobacco use screening and brief behavioural counselling is the most effective and efficacious way to quit tobacco use and decrease the incidence of its adverse health effects. It is recommended that you opt for specialised care and attention to address the aspects. Consulting a pulmonologist, psychologist or a psychiatrist shall help you with the medical advice to quit this habit that can harm you adversely.

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Paras Bliss Panchkula