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Signs of Vulvo-Vaginal Cancer

Signs of Vulvo-Vaginal Cancer

by: Dr. Nupur Gupta
Consultant and Unit Head Gynecology

Vulva can be defined as the extra genital area. It is made of tissues and surround the area of the vagina, clitoris and the urethra. Vulvo- vaginal cancer  is a type of cancer that is increasing in presence. It is also caused due to the human papillomavirus (HPV). Moreover women above the age of 50 yrs suffer most from this type of cancer. Other risk factors that have been associated with vulvo-vaginal cancer are – smoking, drinking, numerous sexual partners, immune system deficiency, Lichen sclerosus, other pre existing cancers in the body.It is important to be aware of any abnormal signs and symptoms associated with cancer of the vulva. Please note that this type of cancer is treatable and early detection along with timely treatment is key.

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Common Signs and Symptoms of Vulvo-Vaginal Cancer:

Women with vulvar cancer may experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, women with vulvar cancer do not show any of these symptoms. Or, these symptoms may be caused by a medical condition that is not cancer. Over the period of progress, it may take following cause and symptoms given below :

  • Atypical vaginal bleeding, for instance, after sexual contact or menopause
  • Watery vaginal discharge
  • Lump or mass in your vagina
  • Painful urination
  • Ulcer kind of a growth that exists on the vagina
  • A mole or wart type formation in the vulva area
  • Raised Frequency of urination
  • Frequent constipation
  • Non menstrual bleeding
  • Pain in pelvis

Causes of Vulvo-Vaginal Cancer:

It’s not very justified what causes vaginal cancer. Normally, cancer begins when healthy cells acquire a genetic mutation that turns normal cells into abnormal cells. Healthy cells grow and produce progressively at a set rate and die at a set time. Cancer cells grow and multiply progressively, and they do not diet. These obtained abnormal cells form a mass (tumor). Please also note that until now vulva cancers are not highlighted as hereditary cancers.  It is important that you don’t ignore your signs and symptoms and consult a gynecologist at the earliest to discuss your concerns.

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