Menopause is causation of menstrual cycle due to age. Most of the symptoms associated with menopause actually happen during the perimenopause stage. Some women go through without any difficulty, but some women have symptoms lasting for years. Symptoms are due to lowered production of female sex hormones – oestrogen and progesterone. Oestrogen regulates the menstrual cycle.
There are a number of factors which affects women’s age at menopause. The most important is when your mother had menopause. It is strongly genetically linked. You are very likely to fall within a few years either way of the age your mother was at menopause. Commonly the age of menopause is between 45-50 years sometimes up to 52-53 years.Some have between before 45 also. There are multiple factors which affect the menopause like smoking, chemotherapy, ovarian surgery, ethnicity like Hispanic and African. American women reach menopause after early age. Chinese and Japanese a little later than the average consasian women who reaches menopause at about 51 years.
The hormones oestrogen regulates the menstrual cycle and affects the following part of the body.
Common Symptoms of Menopause are:
Hot Flushes: This is sudden feeling of heat either in the upper part of body or all over. You face and neck might turn red and your may feel sweaty. The intensity of host flushes can range from mild to very strong. Even walking you from sleep generally last between 30 seconds to 10 mins. This is called night sweats.
Irregular Periods: most women will experience absent, short or irregular periods. You may bleed heavier or lighter than usual and occasional spotting. You periods may be shorter or longer in duration. If you miss your period make sure to rule out the pregnancy. If you are mot pregnant than missed period can be the onset of menopause. If you begin spotting after not having period for 12 consecutive 12 months. Talk to you doctor about this.
Vaginal Dryness: the decreased production of oestrogen and progesterone can affect the thin layer of moisture that coats the vaginal wall. Vaginal dryness can be in any age. Dryness makes intercourse painful; you can try lubricant or vaginal moisturiser.
Loss Or Decreased Libido: This is very common in menopausal women. This is caused by decreased oestrogen. This leads to absent or slow organic response and vaginal dryness.
Frequent Urination Or Incontinence: it is very common for women in menopause. Their control over bladder is decreased. There is a constant desire to urinate and painful urination occurs. This is because the tissue in vagina and urethra lose their elasticity and lining becomes weak. To control this have plenty of fluids and abstain from alcohol.
Behavioural Problems: Changes in hormonal production affects the mood of women. Some women have feeling of immaturity, depression or mood swings. It can an also reduce memory.
Skin Hair And Other Tissue Changes: As you age you will experience changes in your skin and hair. Loss of fatty tissue and collagen will make your skin dry and thinner. It affects the elasticity and lubrication of skin near vagina. Reduced oestrogen leads to hair fall and make them dry and brittle.
Breast Changes: Hormonal changes can lead to breast pain, soreness, tenderness in one or both breasts.
Weak Bone Health: Oestrogen is involved in the process of calcium absorption in to the bones. Thus after menopause the chances of women suffering from osteoporosis are high. Reduced bone density can also make women more susceptible to fractures.
In addition to this there are loss common symptoms like fatigue, weight gain, dizziness, changes in odor, anxiety, headaches, joint pain, gum problems, itchy skin etc.