Regular Tests Before Pregnancy | Blog By. Dr.Shilva, Parasbliss Panchkula

Tests to Do Before Pregnancy

Tests to Do Before Pregnancy

by: Dr. Shilva
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Before getting pregnant you should consult you  doctors and undergo checkups and screenings for immunity which is very important to make sure you and your baby will be as healthy as possible. This is also important to know your present health status as your lifestyle and pregnancy can lead to a number of pregnancy induced diseases such as gestational diabetes, pregnancy related hypertension, to list a few. Few checkups also help you understand if there are any underlying diseases present or not. This should be definitely opted by women who have a family history of cancer, organ failure , blood disorders or any other life threatening health concern.

Pre-pregnancy check-up:

Before you quit the birth control, it is important to undergo a check-up with your doctor. You should be prepared to talk about your family medical history and that of your partner, as well as your medical history, medications you are currently taking and your lifestyle. This helps your doctor assess which tests you may need.

If you have any existing medical condition, such as epilepsy, high blood pressure, asthma, diabetes or a thyroid disorder, it’s especially important to seek out medical care before getting pregnant.

If you are overweight, your doctor might need you to make changes to your diet and getting more exercise. Ultimately, having healthy eating habits and being physically active matters more than the actual number on the scale. Doctor encourages their patients to stop drinking alcohol, taking recreational drugs, and smoking before trying to get pregnant. Your doctor might also suggest you to do basic blood and urine tests for various sexually transmitted infections and review your immunization record and test for certain immunities.

Prenatal vaccinations- A must:

Immune function gets lower during pregnancy make expectant moms more susceptible to various kinds of infections and complications. It is always recommended that you should get tested for immunity and, if necessary, get vaccinated before trying to get pregnant. Vaccinations go a long way to prevent or reduce the severity of illnesses that can make mother sick or harm the baby during pregnancy.

Pregnant women have an increased risk of developing pneumonia as a complication and if a pregnant woman gets chicken pox between eight and 20 weeks gestation, the baby will have a slight risk of developing congenital varicella syndrome, which can cause skin scarring, underdeveloped arms and legs, eye inflammation and problems with brain development.

The flu shot is always recommended for women who are pregnant during flu season, so it’s a ideal to get it if you’re trying to conceive to protect you in those early weeks when you may not know that you’re pregnant yet.  There is serious consequences risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and premature birth and, if rubella is passed on to the fetus, there is a small risk that the baby could be born with a range of problems, including vision and hearing issues, heart damage, microcephaly and liver and spleen damage.

Genetic screening – Opt for it to be informed

Your family history, age and ethnic background can be a major factor for the risk of your child being born with genetic conditions, some of which leads to severity and reduce the quality and length of a child’s life. Your doctor recommends you to undergo some genetic screening for certain conditions after you get pregnant, there are now tests available that determine if you are a carrier.

Sexually transmitted infections – Information is important:

There are a number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that leads to infertility or affect your health or your baby’s health during pregnancy, so if you are at high risk, you should get yourself tested for STIs before trying to get pregnant or again early on in pregnancy.

HIV can pass to your baby at any stage of pregnancy, labour and delivery, as well as during breastfeeding. Early diagnosis and treatment can help reduce the risk of mother-to-baby transmission. You may be tested for hepatitis B before trying to get pregnant, as it can also be passed on to your baby during delivery.

Both chlamydia and gonorrhea can affect your pregnancy and your baby and are undiagnosed because many people who have these STIs don’t have any symptoms. Both can damage the Fallopian tubes and lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which leads to infertility.

When you are planning to have a baby, be in regular touch with doctor as your doctor can help you find all the answers and address concerns.

Paras Bliss Guraon
Paras Bliss Panchkula