Hypertension is the most common medical problem in pregnancy, in about 2 to 3 % of pregnancies. It is classified into 4 types, transient or gestational hypertension is one of them. It is important for pregnant women to consult specialists and get their hypertension under control. The 4 types of hypertension are –
If we talk about gestational hypertension alone, it is the mildest type of disease. It develops after 20 weeks of gestation when the patient has increased BP for the first time during pregnancy. The diagnosis includes-
It is a retrospective diagnosis when with increased BP, the patient does not develop any other feature and BP returns to normal by 12 weeks post partum. This usually does not need any treatment but careful observation is necessary as one third of the patients develop symptoms of pre eclampsia, which is very serious.
What to do if you are detected with Gestational Hypertension: