Treatments to reduce the risk of mental illness | Dr. Ruby Ahuja
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Treatment for People who are at Risk for Suicide

Treatment for People who are at Risk for Suicide

by: Dr. Ruby Ahuja
Consultant - Clinical Psychologists Paras Bliss, Panchkula

There is no specific treatment to stop suicidal thoughts. But for each individual, identifying the type of mental illness and treating it or dealing with stress can reduce the risk of mental illness. Treatments for mental illness like bipolar depression and major depression have shown risks to reduce suicide. Few medications have shown to reduce the risk of suicide. Lithium (Lithobid) is a mood stabilizing medications is used by bipolar disorder or major depression and has been shown to decrease the suicides associated with depression.

Opt for the right medication: Clozapine an antipsychotic medication can reduce the risk of suicide in people with schizophrenia. But it is not clear that these medications reduce the risks when used to treat people with other diagnoses.

Choose Psychotherapy: People who have suicidal thoughts may benefit from specific types of psychotherapy (talk therapy or counselling). Negative thoughts and cognitive thoughts are addressed by cognitive behavioural therapy.  Cognitive behavioural therapy has shown results to help improve symptoms of depression and anxiety disorders. Dialectical behavioural therapy is a type of therapy that has helped people with borderline personality disorder has also reduced the risks of suicide. Dialectical behavioural therapy uses mindfulness and other kinds of copying skills that decrease the impulsive and destructive urges that lead to suicidal attempts.

Opt for short term therapies : Similarly there are certain studies of various interventions that include promising short term therapies that include family, that show repeated attempts for suicide. Psychotherapy considers hopelessness to be the important factor that contributes to suicidal ideation and large part of crisis interventions and post crisis counselling aims to restore hope. If an individual who continues to take therapy and if the crisis point is over then the individual is explored with the ways to resist the urges of self harm. Address the thoughts that can lead to suicidal thoughts and make a plan that includes the copying strategy and methods to address suicidal thoughts.

 

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