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Urinary problems in Females

Urinary problems in Females

by: Dr. Bharti Minocha
Consultant, Gynecology

The common urinary problems include Urinary Tract Infection, Urinary Incontinence, Kidney Stones, Stress Incontinence. Urinary problems are more common in women than men. Urinary tract infection is more common among women who are sexually active. Most of the time, UTI bacteria come from the rectal organisms. It is also common you contract UTI’s if you go to use the toilet in unsanitary conditions. Fever, fatigue are few of the signs and symptoms that are associated with UTI. If you feel any of the same, it is best that you consult a specialist at the earliest. In India every 5 women in 10 develop UTI sometime or the other in their life, making it a common issue :

Signs & Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI):

 Common symptoms of the urinary problem include:

  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Frequent urge to urinate without passing much urine
  • Feeling like you cannot completely empty your bladder
  • Blood in urine Cloudy, bad smelling urine
  • Cramping and vaginal irritation
  • Fatigue, fever, and tiredness

Urinary Tract Infection:

  • UTIs are a key reason we’re often told to wipe from front to back after using the bathroom. That’s because the urethra — the tube that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body — is located close to the anus. Bacteria from the large intestine, such as E. coli, are in the perfect position to escape the anus and invade the urethra. From there, they can travel up to the bladder, and if the infection isn’t treated, continue on to infect the kidneys. Women may be especially prone to UTIs because they have shorter urethras, which allow bacteria quick access to the bladder. Having sex can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract, too.
  • Symptoms may include burning feeling when you urinate, frequent or intense urge to urinate, Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen, Cloudy, dark, bloody, or strange-smelling urine, Feeling tired or shaky, Fever or chills.

Urinary incontinence:

The meaning of urinary incontinence in ladies is the unexpected loss of urine. Urinary incontinence happens more frequently in ladies than in men. Pregnancy, labor, and menopause may add to urinary incontinence in ladies. Weak bladder muscles, overactive bladder muscles, and nerve damage may likewise cause urinary incontinence in ladies. Urinary incontinence in ladies is normal and treatable. There is diverse kind of urinary incontinence in ladies, including stress incontinence, urge incontinence, overactive bladder, functional incontinence, overflow incontinence, mixed incontinence, and transient incontinence.

Diagnosis of urinary incontinence in ladies may include a physical exam, an ultrasound, urodynamic testing, and tests including cystoscopy, urinalysis, and a bladder stress test. The specialist will likewise take a therapeutic history and may prescribe keeping a bladder diary.

It is important for women to come forward with their urinary incontinence issues. This is important as many fear social stigma or feel shy due to the same. In India majority of the women post their 50’s go through the same. Hence it is best that you consult a gynecologist at the earliest.

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