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What is the use of Copper T?

What is the use of Copper T?

by: Dr. Bharti Minocha
Consultant, Gynecology

Copper T is an intrauterine device (IUD) which is said to be an effective type of contraception for ladies. This choice is generally given to ladies who have delivered an infant before. Insertion of Copper T is an invasive procedure that should be conducted by a specialist. The device is set into the uterus of the lady with a plastic string fixing to the finish of the IUD swinging from the cervix to the vagina.

Types of an intrauterine device (IUD):

  • Hormonal IUDs: In hormonal IUDs, which are a variety of copper IUD, the device release a type of hormone called “progestin” that prevents fertilization and further implantation on the uterus dividers.
  • Copper IUDs: In the copper IUDs, copper goes about as a toxin to the sperms. It makes the uterus and fallopian tubes create a liquid that kills sperm. This liquid contains white platelets, copper particles, chemicals, and prostaglandins that prevents the sperm from fertilizing with an ovum after intercourse.

Mechanism of Copper-T for contraception:

Once a Copper T is in place, the copper particles delivered from the wire wrapped around the plastic T impact the uterine condition to avoid pregnancy. The copper particles get blended with the uterine liquids and cervix mucus. This uterine fluid, rich in copper, goes about as a spermicide which kills sperms that interact with it. Copper ions avert pregnancy by restraining the development of sperm since copper-particle containing liquids are straightforwardly harmful to sperm. Even if an aggressive little spermatozoa fertilizes an egg, the copper ion laden environment prevents implantation of the fertilized egg, thus preventing pregnancy.

Uses of Copper-T:

  • Copper IUDs are a type of long-acting reversible contraception and are one of the most effective forms of birth control available.
  • The kind of frame and measure of copper can influence the viability of various copper IUD models. The copper IUD is the best type of emergency contraception. It is more powerful than the hormonal EC pills as of now accessible.
  • It can be utilized for EC up to 5 days after the act of unprotected sex and does not diminish in adequacy amid the 5 days. An additional advantage of utilizing the copper IUD for emergency contraception is that it can be utilized as a type of conception prevention for 10– 12 years after inclusion.
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