Newborn rashes are quite common, but it is important to know, when we should worry, and what can be done to alleviate the symptoms.
Most of the baby rashes are harmless and will fade on their own. Sometimes minor changes like changing the washing detergent, clothes, massage oil or eliminating certain foods from mother’s diet if breastfeeding is helpful.
Common Self Limiting Rashes:
Erythema toxicum – They are characterised as blotchy red skin that appears usually within the first 48-72 hours after birth, but it’s common, completely harmless, and will clear up in a few days.
Milia– These are little white spots (blocked pores) on a newborn’s face and usually go away within the first month.
Baby acne- These are little pimples on cheeks and nose, usually clear up in 5-6 weeks.
Baby Rashes that Require Treatment:
Eczema – It can lead to dry, itchy and cracked skin for which plenty of remedies are available.
Nappy rash – It is one of the most common conditions in babies, and occurs around the genitalia and bum, usually caused by an irritation of urine.
Hives- They are an allergic reaction, are red, itchy bumps, having raised margins, usually clear ups on its own, but if persistent or recurrent it may require treatment and avoidance of few factors.
Baby Skin Rashes due to Infection:
Ringworm – These are fungal infections and have ring-like redness, can appear anywhere and are treated using antifungal creams.
Fifth Disease – Also known as slapped cheek syndrome, caused by a viral infection, characterized by a bright red rash on both cheeks, often accompanied by a fever and is contagious.
Hand, foot and mouth disease – It usually starts on the hands and feet, viral in origin, blister-like rash and are highly contagious, may have a fever and is self-limiting.
Skin Rashes that require Medical Assistance:
Erythema multiforme- They are usually caused by a reaction to medication or an infection such as herpes simplex virus, generally involves hands and feet first, can take up to six weeks to resolve.
Impetigo – They are characterized by sores and blisters on the skin, caused due to bacterial infection, requires antibiotics to treat.
Meningococcal Disease – They are quite uncommon, and is a medical emergency.