Woman get pregnant if male sperm reaches one of her eggs. Contraceptive helps to keep sperm and egg apart, or by stopping the fertilization or by preventing the egg production etc. many varieties of contraceptives are available in the market. The most convenient practice of birth control depends on individual’s overall health, sexual activity, age, number of sexual partners and desire to have children and family history.
Following are the few types of contraceptive measure:
Intrauterine Methods: This method includes intrauterine device commonly known as an intrauterine system; it is a tiny T-shaped device, which is used to prevent pregnancy. With the help of healthcare provider, it can be inserted. It remains in place for quite a long time and can function properly. It can be replaced or removed according to the choice of women.
Short-Acting Hormonal Methods: Some birth control methods include the use of hormones to stop or regulate ovulation cycle thus helping in preventing pregnancy. These hormones are introduced into the body with the help of injections, pills, vaginal rings, intrauterine systems, skin patches, transdermal gels and implants rods. Different hormonal methods that are used have a different way of preventing pregnancy. Health care providers monitor and prescribe hormonal contraceptives.
Barrier methods: This includes male condoms, female condoms, contraceptives sponges, spermicides, cervical caps etc. This method helps in preventing the entry of sperms into the uterus. And these are the removable method and good option for women for not using a hormonal method of contraception.
Emergency contraception: There are primarily two types of emergency contraceptives available – emergency contraceptive pills and copper IUD. These can be used even after the unprotected intercourse or even if the condom breaks.
Sterilization: It is a permanent type of birth control that prevents a male from discharging sperm or prevents a woman from getting pregnant. This procedure must be performed by health care provider as it involves surgery. This procedure is not reversible.