Know About Mammography Test| Blog By Dr. Surinder Kaur Gambhir, Paras Bliss, Panchkula

What is a mammography test?

What is a mammography test?

by: Dr. Surinder Kaur Gambhir
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Mammography is a specialized medical imaging that uses a low dose X-ray system to see inside the breast. A mammography is called a mammogram; helps in the early diagnosis and detection of breast disease of women. Doctor use mammogram to detect early diagnosis of breast cancer. A regular mammogram is the best test doctors have to find the breast cancer early. Sometimes up to three years before it can be felt.

Mammography plays a central part in the early detection of breast cancers because it can show changes in the breast up to two years. Doctors recommend screening mammography every year for women. Beginning at the age of 40 years, early detection mammography leads to early detection of breast cancer, when they are curable and breast conservation therapies are available.

Diagnostic mammography:

Diagnostic mammography is used to evaluate a patient with abnormal clinical finding such as breast lumps, nipples discharge, pain etc. A diagnostic mammogram is also done after an abnormal screening mammogram in order to evaluate the area of concern on the screening exam.

There are three types of mammography:

  • Digital mammography: In this mammography X-ray film is replaced by electronics that convert X-ray into a mammographic picture of the breast. Those are similar to digital cameras and their efficiency enables better pictures with low radiation dose. The image is saved for long from usage. It is similar to a conventional mammogram.
  • Computer-aided detection: System search digitized mammographic image for abnormal areas of density, mass or calcification that may indicate the presence of cancer. CAD system highlights their area on images alerting the radiologist to carefully assess the areas.
  • Breast Tomosynthesis: This is called know as 3 dimension mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis, is an advanced form of breast imagining of the breast from different angles are captures and reconstructed into three-dimensional images. Breast tomosynthesis is useful in early detection of small breast cancer.

Benefits of opting for a Mammography:

  • Images of the breast improve a physical ability to detect small tumors. When cancers are small there are more treatment options.
  • Increases the detection of small abnormal tissue growths confined to the milk duct in the breasts called ductal carcinoma in site.
  • It is also useful for all type of breast cancers, invasive ductal, invasive lobular cancers.
  • No radiation remains in the body after mammography
  • X-ray usually have no side effect in the typical diagnostic range.
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