A cesarean delivery — also known as a C-section or cesarean section — is the surgical delivery of a baby. It involves one incision in the mother’s abdomen and another in the uterus.
A cesarean delivery is typically performed when complications from pregnancy make traditional vaginal birth difficult, or put the mother or child at risk. Sometimes cesarean deliveries are planned early in the pregnancy, but they’re most often performed when complications arise during labor.
• blood clots
• breathing problems for the child, especially if done before 39 weeks of pregnancy
• increased risks for future pregnancies
• injury to the child during surgery
• longer recovery time compared with vaginal birth