Long term control medications should be taken on routine and long term basis to control persistent asthma. Long-term controller medications includeSingulair, Flovent, Advair, Pulmicort, Symbicort and QVAR.These types and doses of asthma medications depends upon on your age, your symptoms, the severity of your asthma and medication side effects.Because your asthma can change over time therefore you should work closely with your doctor to track your symptoms and manage your asthma medications. You take this bronchodilator daily in pill form to treat mild asthma. The ophylline (Theo-24, others) comfortable the airways and less the lungs’ response to irritants. It can be helpful for nighttime asthma symptoms.
It include albuterol (ProAirHFA, VentolinHFA,others) and levalbuterol(Xopenex). Short-acting beta agonists can be taken using a portable, hand held inhaler or a nebulizer a machine that converts asthma medications to a fine mist so that they can be inhaled pass a face mask or a mouthpiece. Long-term control medications are taken routine on a long-term basis to achieve and maintain control of persistent asthma.
Corticosteroids: Block late phase reaction to allergen, less airway hyper responsiveness, and inhibit inflammatory cell migration and activation.
Immunomodulators: Omalizumab (anti-IgE) is a monoclonal antibody that prevents binding of IgE to the high-affinity receptors on basophils and mast cells.
Leukotriene modifiers: It contain leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRAs) and a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor. Two LTRAs are available—montelukast (for patients >1 year of age) and zafirlukast (for patients >7 years of age).
Long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs): Salmeterol and formoterol are bronchodilators that have a duration of bronchodilation of at least 12 hours after a single dose.