Posted on Apr 19, 2022
Prevention is better than cure and for a disease that has grip the hinterlands and the urban areas of India – Malaria – it definitely stands true. Malaria at present has no vaccination and only cleanliness, hygiene along with certain self precautions is the tool to prevent malaria.
How to medically prevent Malaria?
Malaria control in endemic areas
There are major initiatives under way to reduce malaria in endemic areas and it is estimated that these would be cost-effective, even at a cost of $3 billion per year. Successful programs have involved a combination of vector control, including indoor residual spraying, use of long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) and intermittent preventative therapy (IPT ; repeated dose of prophylactic drugs in high-risk groups, such as children and pregnant women)
Development of a fully protective malaria vaccine is still some way off, which is not surprising, considering that natural immunity is incomplete and not long-lived. There is, however, some evidence that vaccination can reduce the incidence of severe malaria in populations. Trial vaccines are being evaluated in Africa.