Posted on Apr 19, 2022
ABOUT PROSTATE CANCER SCREENING
To diagnose prostate cancer, most doctors use a blood test to measure the levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). A prostate biopsy (tissue sample) is the only way to know for sure if one has prostate cancer. Doctors may recommend a biopsy if a person is having a high PSA level. It is worth noting that PSA test can also help in detecting other problems. For any urinary symptoms (problem in peeing and others), the doctor can recommend a PSA test for prostate cancer to evaluate prostate health. It needs to be remembered that prostate cancer is not the only problem that can lead to urinary symptoms.
There is a higher probability of developing prostate cancer if one has any first-degree relative like a father, brother, or son, who has been diagnosed with the same. The risk factor for prostate cancer is higher if prostate cancer was diagnosed in a relative at an early age (less than 55) or in multiple generations of the family. The doctor can clear all doubts about the importance of testing for early detection.
There are a few disadvantages of a PSA test for prostate cancer too. A regular PSA screening for prostate cancer may give a false negative result, resulting in missing some subtypes of prostate cancer. It may sometimes lead to an unneeded prostate biopsy. A higher level of PSA test for prostate cancer can sometimes detect slow-growing cancer that may be dormant and can be easily ignored. There can be few side effects of getting prostate cancer treated like problems with getting erections, leaking urine, or bowel function.
In asymptomatic men, the greatest benefit of routine screening can be found in men ages 55 to 69 years. Men younger than 55 or older than 69 who are worried about their personal risk factors should talk with their health care provider to determine whether prostate cancer screening is appropriate. For best results, it is recommended to visit the best doctor for prostate cancer in India in case of any symptoms.