Coronary bypass surgery or heart bypass surgery is a procedure used for replacing damaged arteries within out heart muscles. Surgeons use blood vessels which are taken from other parts of our body for repairing damaged arteries. The surgery is performed when the coronary arteries get damaged or blocked. These arteries supply oxygenated blood to our heart. If the flow of blood is restricted or the arteries get blocked, the heart does not function properly and this can cause a heart failure.
Different types of heart bypass surgeries:
Depending upon which of the arteries are blocked, surgeons recommend certain types of bypass surgeries.
Our risk of getting a heart failure, heart attack or other cardiac problems depends on the number of blocked arteries. Blockages in multiple arteries also suggest that a surgery can take longer or even get more complex.
Causes of a Cardiac Bypass Surgery:
What determines the requirement for a heart bypass surgery?
Doctors and cardiologists identify if the patient can undergo an open-heart surgery. Few medical conditions may complicate a surgery or even eliminate its possibility.
Conditions which may cause complications could be diabetes, emphysema, kidney disease, PAD or peripheral arterial disease. One should discuss the aforementioned problems with their doctors prior to scheduling their surgery. They should also discuss family medical history, prescriptions and OTC or over-the-counter medications that they take. The outcomes of planned surgeries are better than the emergency ones.