It is the dream of every woman to have a child and complete her family. However for many the road is not straight and can have a few hurdles. Infertility is the inability to conceive or the inability to get pregnant. There are a number of causes and reasons for the growing incidences. Many undetected medical conditions can also be a reason for infertility.
Female Infertility may occur when:
- A fertilized egg or embryo does not survive once it sticks to the lining of the womb (uterus)
- The fertilized egg does not attach to the lining of the uterus
- The eggs cannot move from the ovaries to the womb
- The ovaries have problems producing eggs
In women, changes in the menstrual cycle and ovulation may also be a symptom of a disease related to infertility. Symptoms include:
- Abnormal periods: Bleeding is heavier or lighter than usual.
- Irregular periods: The number of days in between each period varies each month.
- No periods: You have never had a period, or periods suddenly stop.
- Painful periods: Back pain, pelvic pain, and cramping may happen.
Sometimes, female infertility is related to a hormone problem. In this case, symptoms can also include:
- Skin changes, including more acne
- Changes in sex drive and desire
- Dark hair growth on the lips, chest, and chin
- Loss of hair or thinning hair
- Weight gain
Other symptoms include:
- Milky white discharge from nipples unrelated to breastfeeding
- Pain during sex
It is important to know that the signs and symptoms may differ, however if any woman detects any abnormality in her body or sexual health, she should immediately consult a Gynaecologist.
When to See the Doctor
- If you are under 35 and have been trying to get pregnant without success for a year, see your doctor. Women 35 and older should see their doctor after six months of trying.
- Blood, urine and imaging tests can be done to discover why you are having trouble getting pregnant. A sperm analysis can be done to check a man’s sperm count and the overall health of the sperm.
Female infertility may be caused by autoimmune disorders, cancer or tumor, clotting disorders, diabetes, birth defects that affect the reproductive tract, excessive exercise, eating disorders or poor nutrition, use of certain medications, including chemotherapy drugs, drinking too much alcohol, obesity, older age, ovarian cystsand polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), pelvic infection or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), scarring from sexually transmitted infection or endometriosis, thyroid disease, and too little or too much hormones. The reasons are many however the correct diagnosis and treatment is essential to ensure that you are awareness about your body. Infertility can cause distress in relationships, it is imperative to seek counseling support and ensure that you share every thing with your partner. Both the partners should understand that the condition may be just medical and could be treated and managed through medical expertise.